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Research Methodology

The current study is based on the parameters and conditions outlined here.

Research Topic

The stakeholders influencing decision-making, or deciding on policies relevant to the development of the Russian Arctic.


The scope of the study included regions related to the Russian Arctic (formal approach):

  • Murmansk Oblast
  • Nenets Autonomous Okrug
  • Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
  • Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
  • Republic of Komi
  • Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
  • Arkhangelsk Oblast
  • Republic of Karelia

Analyzed Structures

As part of the study, the following links were analyzed:

  • The participation in the legislative bodies deciding on initiatives related to the Arctic region
  • The participation in advisory bodies under federal authorities
  • The participation in the relevant parliamentary committees of the State Duma and Federation Council
  • The participation in the governance bodies of the companies operating in the Arctic region (if the company is not territorially tied to the region, we also take it into account if its top management participates in the expert bodies for the Arctic region)
  • The participation in the expert bodies functioning under government bodies or development institutions
  • The participation in business associations, in particular in the groups (councils, commissions, working groups) focusing on the Arctic region
  • The participation in groups on Arctic topics at federal law enforcement agencies
  • The participation in international initiatives and supranational structures

Analysis Methods

Stakeholder analysis, network analysis.


  • The present analysis includes only those commercial companies that have access to targeted investment in the Arctic zone and whose top management is represented in the expert bodies attached to state, legislative or other government agencies in the Arctic zone.
  • One individual might be in several evaluation blocks, which makes their “power” bigger.
  • Members of federal law enforcement agencies were not included as objects of research because of difficulties in identification: lack of publicly available information, the need to uncover “informal” connections and influence through interviews with experts, and the fact that analysis of law enforcement agencies is toxic in its nature. However, included was the Interdepartmental Commission of the Security Council of the Russian Federation on protecting Russia’s national interests in the Arctic which, we assume, includes a large number of actors from law enforcement in the Arctic, which are influential in the Arctic region.
  • Not all stakeholders from the Project Office for Arctic Development (PORA) expert council were included in the final study sample: it did not include students, teachers, experts whose work is not connected with the regional agenda, and owners of small businesses.
  • To avoid the risks of endogeneity or regenerative connection, the study sample does not include the Russian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring (Roshydromet) and consultative bodies at it; some of the stakeholders from the executive bodies have already been included in the study.
  • To avoid overcoverage in sampling, the study sample does not include the stakeholders who are involved in Arctic policies as part of their core activities (e.g. VEB or RZD), but it does specifically include those actors who are uniquely placed to influence Arctic policies in particular and/or have access to unique levers of influence over Arctic issues that are sometimes outside the scope of their offices and positions.


  • we analyze only information that is publicly available
  • there is а problem of "forgetting" PEPs, deletion or hiding of information publicly available earlier
  • there can be a restructuring of the analyzed objects during the study period

Data Collection Timeline

The analysed data are relevant for the first half of 2022.

Sources of Information

The following sources of information were used for this study:

  • SOZD
  • The websites of federal government bodies, websites of the State Duma and the Federation Council, a website of the (The Presidential Executive Office of Russia)
  • The websites of companies
  • The database Kontur-focus (for example, Arcticgas = NOVATEK+Gazprom)
  • The regulations and strategic documents (for example,

Key Documents

The Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of October 26, 2020 No. 645 “On the Strategy for the Development of the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation and Ensuring National Security for the Period up to 2035”. - URL:

The Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of March 30, 2021 N 484 “On approval of the state program of the Russian Federation “Socio-economic development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation”. - URL:

The State program "Socio-economic development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation". - URL:;